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PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENT 
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE CARIBOU ME 
600 AM EDT MON OCT 21 2013

THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE OFFICES THAT SERVE NEW ENGLAND HAVE 
DECLARED OCTOBER 21-25, 2013, WINTER WEATHER AWARENESS WEEK. THE 
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE IN CARIBOU WILL FEATURE A DIFFERENT 
EDUCATIONAL TOPIC EACH DAY DURING THE AWARENESS WEEK. 

TODAY'S TOPIC: WINTER WEATHER BASICS

FOR THOSE WHO LIVE IN MAINE, WINTER WEATHER IS A PART OF 
LIFE FROM NOVEMBER THROUGH MARCH AND, ON SOME OCCASIONS, THE 
END OF APRIL! SOON SNOW, SLEET, FREEZING RAIN, COLD TEMPERATURES, 
AND COLD WIND CHILLS WILL BE COMMON OCCURRENCES. WHILE MOST OF THE 
TIME THESE WEATHER ELEMENTS ARE ONLY A NUISANCE TO OUR DAILY 
ROUTINES, AT TIMES THEY CAN PRODUCE HAZARDOUS OR LIFE-THREATENING 
SITUATIONS FOR THOSE WHO ARE NOT PREPARED OR FOR THOSE WHO DO NOT 
TAKE THE PROPER PRECAUTIONS.

IN MAINE, NORMAL SNOWFALL AVERAGES FROM 50 TO 70 INCHES ALONG 
THE COAST, BUT GRADUALLY INCREASES AS YOU MOVE INLAND TO MORE 
THAN 140 INCHES IN THE MOUNTAINS.  IN NORTHERN MAINE, 100 TO 
120 INCHES OF SNOW FALLS ANNUALLY.  THE LESSER AMOUNTS IN COASTAL 
AREAS ARE PARTLY A RESULT OF A FREQUENT CHANGE-OVER TO SLEET, 
FREEZING RAIN, OR RAIN DURING MANY WELL-DEVELOPED WINTER STORMS. TO 
THOSE DRIVING OR WALKING, THIS MIXTURE OF PRECIPITATION CAN BE EVEN 
MORE DANGEROUS THAN SNOW.  AS RESIDENTS OF MAINE ARE ALL AWARE FROM 
JANUARY 1998 AND DECEMBER 2008, LARGE ACCUMULATIONS OF FREEZING RAIN 
CAN CAUSE DISASTROUS CONDITIONS.  HIGH WINDS, COLD TEMPERATURES, 
COLD WIND CHILLS, AND COASTAL FLOODING CAN ALSO ACCOMPANY OR FOLLOW 
WINTER STORMS.

TO ALERT THE PUBLIC TO POTENTIALLY DANGEROUS WINTER WEATHER EVENTS 
OR SITUATIONS, THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE ISSUES OUTLOOKS, 
WATCHES, WARNINGS, AND ADVISORIES.  WHILE THE EXACT CRITERIA USED TO 
TRIGGER WATCHES, WARNINGS, AND ADVISORIES IN NORTHERN AND EASTERN 
MAINE WILL BE DISCUSSED IN PUBLIC INFORMATION STATEMENTS LATER THIS 
WEEK, YOU SHOULD KEEP THE FOLLOWING GENERAL DEFINITIONS IN MIND.  

*  OUTLOOK - A HAZARDOUS WEATHER OUTLOOK IS ISSUED DAILY BY NATIONAL 
   WEATHER SERVICE OFFICES ACROSS THE COUNTRY TO ALERT THE PUBLIC TO 
   THE POTENTIAL FOR ANY HAZARDOUS WEATHER DURING THE NEXT 7 DAYS    
   (INCLUDING SIGNIFICANT WINTER STORMS, HIGH WIND, COASTAL          
   FLOODING, AND EXTREME TEMPERATURES).  DUE TO THE UNCERTAINTY IN   
   PREDICTING THE STRENGTH AND PATH OF A WINTER STORM MORE THAN      
   A FEW DAYS IN ADVANCE, THE EXACT IMPACT ON THE AREA (IF ANY)      
   WILL NOT BE KNOWN.  IN ADDITION, NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE         
   OFFICES MAY ISSUE SPECIAL WEATHER STATEMENTS HIGHLIGHTING THE     
   POTENTIAL IMPACT OF A MAJOR WINTER STORM.  

*  WATCH - WATCHES ARE ISSUED TO ALERT THE PUBLIC THAT DANGEROUS     
   WINTER CONDITIONS ARE POSSIBLE IN THE WATCH AREA WITHIN THE NEXT  
   24 TO 60 HOURS.  PRODUCTS INCLUDE: WINTER STORM WATCHES, HIGH     
   WIND WATCHES, AND COASTAL FLOOD WATCHES.

*  WARNING - WARNINGS ARE ISSUED TO ALERT THE PUBLIC THAT DANGEROUS  
   WINTER CONDITIONS ARE LIKELY TO OCCUR WITHIN THE NEXT 6 TO 36     
   HOURS OR ARE ALREADY OCCURRING.  PRODUCTS INCLUDE WINTER STORM    
   WARNING, ICE STORM WARNING, BLIZZARD WARNING, HIGH WIND WARNING,  
   WIND CHILL WARNING, AND COASTAL FLOOD WARNING.

*  ADVISORY - ADVISORIES ARE ISSUED TO ALERT THE PUBLIC THAT WINTER  
   CONDITIONS ARE EXPECTED TO CAUSE A SIGNIFICANT INCONVENIENCE AND  
   MAY BE HAZARDOUS.  IF CAUTION IS EXERCISED, THESE SITUATIONS      
   SHOULD NOT BE LIFE THREATENING.  PRODUCTS INCLUDE WINTER WEATHER  
   ADVISORY, FREEZING RAIN ADVISORY, WIND ADVISORY, AND WIND CHILL   
   ADVISORY.

PREPAREDNESS TIP FOR THE DAY

AUTOMOBILE ACCIDENTS ARE THE LEADING CAUSE OF DEATHS AND INJURIES 
DURING AND AFTER WINTER STORMS.  WHILE SNOW AND ICE CONTRIBUTE TO 
THE SLIPPERY CONDITIONS VEHICLE SPEED IS THE SINGLE MOST IMPORTANT 
FACTOR IN DETERMINING THE LIKELIHOOD OF A DEATH OR SERIOUS INJURY 
FROM AN AUTOMOBILE ACCIDENT.  UNDER CERTAIN CONDITIONS, ROADS CAN 
GET EXTREMELY ICY FROM AN INCH OR LESS OF SNOW, OR FROM FREEZING 
DRIZZLE.  PATCHY BLACK ICE, EVEN DAYS AFTER A STORM, CAN BE A 
SIGNIFICANT HAZARD.  MANY OF THESE HAZARDS ARE NOT APPARENT UNTIL IT 
IS TOO LATE.  SLOW DOWN BEFORE YOUR VEHICLE BEGINS TO SLIP AND 
SLIDE.  SNOW AND ICE CAN CAUSE ACCIDENTS, BUT VEHICLE SPEED KILLS.  
JUST REMEMBER: IN ICE AND SNOW, TAKE IT SLOW!

HERE IS A LISTING OF THE TOPICS TO BE COVERED IN PUBLIC 
INFORMATION STATEMENTS BY THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE OFFICE 
IN CARIBOU DURING WINTER WEATHER AWARENESS WEEK.

MONDAY   OCTOBER 21WINTER WEATHER BASICS.
TUESDAY   OCTOBER 22WATCH, WARNING AND ADVISORY CRITERIA           
                        FOR WINTER STORMS.
WEDNESDAY  OCTOBER 23WIND CHILL, EXTREME COLD, FROSTBITE, AND 
                        HYPOTHERMIA.
THURSDAY   OCTOBER 24HIGH WIND, COASTAL FLOOD, AND DENSE            
                        FOG THREATS.
FRIDAY   OCTOBER 25WINTER WEATHER PREPAREDNESS

$$

HASTINGS

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  National Weather Service
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