000
AXUS71 KGYX 221508
DGTGYX
MEC001-005-007-011-017-025-027-031-NHC001-003-007-009-019-291515-

DROUGHT INFORMATION STATEMENT
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE GRAY ME
1108 AM EDT THU JUL 22 2021

...DROUGHT CONDITIONS IMPROVE ACROSS SOUTHERN MAINE AND NEW
HAMPSHIRE...

.SYNOPSIS:
A PERIOD OF WET WEATHER DURING THE FIRST FEW WEEKS OF JULY HAS
NOTABLY IMPROVED DROUGHT CONDITIONS OVER SOUTHERN MAINE AND NEW
HAMPSHIRE. EXCESSIVE RAINFALL FROM EXTRA-TROPICAL STORM ELSA
BROUGHT CENTRAL AND COASTAL AREAS AS MUCH AS ONE MONTH'S WORTH OF
PRECIPITATION ON JULY 9TH ALONE. THE ABUNDANT PRECIPITATION HAS
RESULTED IN DRASTIC IMPROVEMENTS TO DROUGHT CONDITIONS OVER
CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN MAINE, AND SOUTHERN NEW HAMPSHIRE. WHILE
AMPLE RAINFALL HAS OCCURRED IN SOME LOCATIONS, MANY NORTHERN AND
WESTERN COUNTIES HAVE SEEN LITTLE RELIEF AND DROUGHT CONDITIONS
REMAIN UNCHANGED. 

REMINDER: GROUNDWATER LEVELS REMAIN BELOW NORMAL FOR MOST 
OF THE REGION, A CONTINUATION FROM THE DROUGHT OF 2020. 
STREAMFLOWS LIKEWISE REMAIN BELOW NORMAL FOR MOST OF THE AREA. 
SHOULD ANOTHER DRY PERIOD RETURN, IT IS POSSIBLE THAT DROUGHT 
CONDITIONS COULD REDEVELOP OVER AREAS THAT HAVE SEEN RECENT 
IMPROVEMENTS. 


.DROUGHT INTENSITY AND EXTENT:
HERE IS A BREAKDOWN OF THE CURRENT U.S. DROUGHT MONITOR ACROSS
WESTERN MAINE AND NEW HAMPSHIRE ISSUED ON JULY 20, 2021. THE
RECENT DROUGHT MONITOR REMOVED ABOUT 20% OF THE NWS GRAY FORECAST
AREA FROM DROUGHT DESIGNATION FROM LAST WEEK. THIS WAS PRIMARILY
DUE TO HEAVY RAINFALL ACROSS SOUTHERN AND COASTAL COUNTIES SINCE
THE BEGINNING OF JULY. 

IN NEW HAMPSHIRE, 3% OF THE STATE IS IN A SEVERE DROUGHT D2 ACROSS
NORTHERN COOS COUNTY, SHOWING ONLY SLIGHT IMPROVEMENT OVER THE 
LAST WEEK. THE MODERATE DROUGHT CONDITIONS D1 ACROSS THE 
REMAINDER OF NORTHERN NEW HAMPSHIRE HAVE BEEN REDUCED TO 17%, 
ABOUT 10% SMALLER AREA THAN LAST WEEK. THE ABNORMALLY DRY D0 AREAS
REMAIN RELATIVELY UNCHANGED ACROSS CENTRAL COUNTIES. SOUTHERN 
COUNTIES REMAIN OUT OF THE DROUGHT DESIGNATIONS DUE TO RECENT 
HEAVY RAINS AND FLOODING CONDITIONS FROM NEAR RECORD RAINS IN 
JULY. 

IN MAINE, ABOUT 12% OF THE STATE WAS REMOVED FROM DROUGHT 
DESIGNATION, PRIMARILY IN SOUTHERN AND COASTAL COUNTIES. MOST
NORTHERN COUNTIES MEANWHILE REMAIN IN A MODERATE OR SEVERE DROUGHT
WITH LITTLE IMPROVEMENT AS RAINFALL AMOUNTS HAVE BEEN LIMITED IN
THOSE AREAS. SEVERE DROUGHT (D2) CONDITIONS WERE DESIGNATED FOR 
20% OF MAINE OVER PORTIONS OF OXFORD, FRANKLIN, AND SOMERSET 
COUNTIES. THE AREAS IN D1 WERE REDUCED MARGINALLY ACROSS SOUTHERN
AND CENTRAL COUNTIES, BUT WAS EXPANDED EASTWARD. 

.PRECIPITATION:
PRECIPITATION OVER THE FIRST THREE WEEKS OF JULY WERE 200 TO 500%
OF NORMAL ACROSS CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN PORTIONS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE
AND MAINE DUE TO RAINFALL AMOUNTS BETWEEN 4 AND 12 INCHES. THIS 
HAS CUT RAINFALL DEFICITS DRAMATICALLY, WITH PORTIONS OF SOUTHERN 
NEW HAMPSHIRE BEGINNING TO SEE ANNUAL PRECIPITATION TOTALS AT A 
SURPLUS. 

STATIONS IN NORTHERN NEW HAMPSHIRE AND NORTHWEST MAINE WITHIN THE
D2 (SEVERE DROUGHT) OBSERVED AT OR BELOW NORMAL RAINFALL DURING
THIS SAME PERIOD. THERE THE ANNUAL PRECIPITATION DEFICITS REMAIN 
AROUND 50 TO 75% COMPARED TO NORMAL. 

________________________________________________________________
THE FOLLOWING TABLE SUMMARIZES MONTHLY PRECIPITATION AND DEFICITS.

                         RAINFALL (INCHES)/DEPARTURE FROM NORMAL
MONTH    PORTLAND ME    AUGUSTA ME    CONCORD NH   MANCHESTER NH
------------------------------------------------------------------
JANUARY  2.27/-1.11     1.89/-0.72     1.89/-0.81    2.24/-0.78 
FEBRUARY 2.90/-0.35     2.14/-0.29     2.72/+0.10    2.39/-0.39 
MARCH    2.78/-1.46     1.95/-1.42     1.45/-1.82    1.57/-2.76 
APRIL    3.45/-0.87     3.58/-0.21     2.86/-0.55    3.39/-0.47 
MAY      2.27/-1.40     1.67/-1.60     2.99/-0.48    3.43/+0.05
JUNE     0.76/-3.39     0.70/-3.31     1.18/-2.59    1.50/-2.54
JULY*    7.34/+4.99     5.38/+3.17     10.69/+8.29   9.00/+6.78
 *ENDING JULY 21

TOTALS  21.96/-3.74     17.31/-4.15    23.89/+1.99   23.65/+2.06  
________________________________________________________________      

.HYDROLOGIC CONDITIONS:
THE STREAM AND GROUNDWATER NETWORKS MAINTAINED BY THE UNITED
STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY WERE USED IN THIS REPORT. 

.SURFACE WATER:
RAINFALL DEFICITS CONTINUED FOR THE HEADWATERS OF THE PENOBSCOT,
KENNEBEC,ANDROSCOGGIN, AND CONNECTICUT RIVERS, WHERE D2 CONDITIONS
REMAIN. SHORT TERM RECHARGE WAS OBSERVED AT DOWNSTREAM RIVER GAGES
IN AREAS WITHIN 50 TO 75 MILES FROM THE COAST WHERE THE HEAVIEST 
RAIN FELL. IMPROVEMENTS IN DOWNSTREAM DISCHARGES ARE EXPECTED TO 
BE SHORT LIVED AS UPSTREAM RESERVOIRS REMAIN BELOW NORMAL. 

.GROUNDWATER AND WATER STORAGE (LAKES/RESERVOIRS):
GROUNDWATER WELL READINGS INDICATED SOME IMPROVEMENT IN CENTRAL
AND SOUTHERN COUNTIES, BUT MANY REMAIN BELOW OR MUCH BELOW 
NORMAL. ONE WELL IN THE HEADWATERS OF THE KENNEBEC REPORTED RECORD
LOW GROUNDWATER LEVELS. SOME COASTAL WELLS SHOWED GREAT 
IMPROVEMENT WITH LEVELS BACK IN THE NORMAL RANGE. 

HEADWATER STORAGE LEVELS IN AREA RESERVOIRS ARE BELOW LONG TERM
AVERAGES. LISTED IS INFORMATION FROM JULY 14TH.

ANDROSCOGGIN RIVER-RESERVOIR STORAGE IS AROUND 70% FULL, 18.7%
BELOW THE LONG-TERM AVERAGE. FLOW RESTRICTIONS IN THE UPPER 
RESERVOIRS REMAIN IN PLACE.

PRESUMPSCOT RIVER-SEBAGO LAKE LEVELS CLIMBED SLIGHTLY FROM
264.71 FEET ON JUNE 30TH TO 264.83 FEET ON JULY 14. 

KENNEBEC RIVER-RESERVOIR STORAGE AT 82.4% FULL, 10.3% BELOW THE
LONG-TERM AVERAGE. 

.SOIL MOISTURE:
NOTABLE IMPROVEMENTS WERE MADE IN SOIL MOISTURE LEVELS ACROSS
SOUTHERN AND CENTRAL PORTIONS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE AND MAINE AFTER 
RECENT HEAVY RAINS. BASED ON VARIOUS SOIL MOISTURE ANALYSIS TOOLS,
IT APPEARS THAT THESE AREAS ARE SEEING SOIL MOISTURES NEARER TO 
NORMAL, WITH WORSENING CONDITIONS TO THE NORTH. SOIL MOISTURE 
LEVELS REMAIN WELL BELOW NORMAL ACROSS THE D1 AND D2 REGIONS. 

.SUMMARY OF IMPACTS:

WATER RESOURCES:
DRY WELLS HAVE BEEN REPORTED IN NORTHERN COUNTIES, NOTABLY IN
OXFORD AND FRANKLIN COUNTIES. IN BOTH MAINE AND NEW HAMPSHIRE 
SEVERAL TOWNS HAVE INSTITUTED VOLUNTARY WATER RESTRICTIONS. THE 
SOUTH BERWICK WATER DISTRICT HAS ISSUED EMERGENCY MANDATORY WATER 
USE RESTRICTIONS. HYDRO OPERATORS ARE MONITORING CONDITIONS AND 
BALANCING NEEDS OF LAKE LEVELS, HYDROELECTRIC POWER GENERATION 
NEEDS, AND THE DISCHARGES TO MAINTAIN STREAM FLOW NEEDS 
DOWNSTREAM. 

WILDFIRE CONDITIONS:
MAINE FOREST SERVICE REPORTS DRY CONDITIONS HAVE LED TO A
RELATIVELY HIGHER OCCURRENCE OF EVENTS FOR THIS YEAR. TRENDS IN 
WILDFIRES ARE CURRENTLY PARALLELING EVENTS DURING LAST YEAR’S 
DROUGHT.

AGRICULTURAL CONDITIONS: 
FARMERS WITHOUT IRRIGATION ARE SEEING STRESSED VEGETATION WITHIN
THE D1 AND D2 ZONES. FIRST-CUT HAY CROP WAS GOOD, BUT SUBSEQUENT 
HAY GROWTH HAS BEEN SLOW. ELSEWHERE IMPROVED SOIL MOISTURE HAS 
IMPROVED VEGETATION. 

.DROUGHT MITIGATION ACTIONS:
THE STATE OF MAINE HAS ACTIVATED ITS DROUGHT TASK FORCE. IN
RESPONSE TO ESCALATED DROUGHT, THE MAINE EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT 
AGENCY HAS PUBLISHED AN ONLINE SURVEY FOR HOME OWNERS TO REPORT 
PRIVATE WELLS RUNNING DRY AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR ASSISTANCE: HTTPS
://MAINE-DRY-WELL-SURVEY- MAINE.HUB.ARCGIS.COM/.

.LOCAL DROUGHT OUTLOOK:
OVER THE NEXT 2 WEEKS, THE CLIMATE PREDICTION CENTER INDICATES
THAT RIDGING OVER THE PLAINS AND TROUGHING OVER THE NORTHEAST WILL
FAVOR MODERATE CONFIDENCE FOR BELOW NORMAL TEMPERATURES IN THE
6-10 DAY AND 8-14 DAY OUTLOOKS (JULY 27-AUG 4). THIS SAME PATTERN
FAVORS BELOW NORMAL PRECIPITATION FOR MUCH OF THE NORTHERN U.S. 
THE OUTLOOKS FOR AUGUST FAVOR ABOVE NORMAL TEMPERATURES AND NO 
STRONG SIGNALS ON WETTER OR DRIER CONDITIONS. 

THIS PRODUCT WILL BE UPDATED THURSDAY AUGUST 12 OR SOONER IF
DROUGHT CONDITIONS CHANGE SIGNIFICANTLY.

.RELATED WEB SITES:
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CURRENT DROUGHT CONDITIONS MAY BE FOUND
AT THE FOLLOWING WEB ADDRESSES:
US DROUGHT MONITOR: HTTPS://DROUGHTMONITOR.UNL.EDU
US DROUGHT INFORMATION SYSTEM: HTTPS://WWW.DROUGHT.GOV
NOAA DROUGHT PAGE: HTTPS://WWW.CPC.NCEP.NOAA.GOV/PRODUCTS/DROUGHT
NORTHEAST REGIONAL CLIMATE CENTER:
HTTP://WWW.NRCC.CORNELL.EDU
NEW YORK STATE CLIMATE OFFICE:
HTTP://NYSC.EAS.CORNELL.EDU

ADDITIONAL WATER AND RIVER INFORMATION:
NWS: HTTPS://WATER.WEATHER.GOV
OWP: HTTPS://WATER.NOAA.GOV
US GEOLOGICAL SURVEY (USGS): HTTPS://WATER.USGS.GOV
US ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS (USACE): HTTPS://WWW.USACE.ARMY.MIL

.ACKNOWLEDGMENTS:

THE DROUGHT MONITOR IS A MULTI-AGENCY EFFORT INVOLVING THE
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE AND NATIONAL CENTERS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL
INFORMATION, THE USDA, STATE AND REGIONAL CENTER CLIMATOLOGISTS
AND THE NATIONAL DROUGHT MITIGATION CENTER. INFORMATION FOR THIS
STATEMENT HAS BEEN GATHERED FROM NWS AND FAA OBSERVATION SITES,
STATE COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SERVICES, THE USDA, USACE AND USGS.

.CONTACT INFORMATION:

IF YOU HAVE QUESTIONS OR COMMENTS ABOUT THIS DROUGHT INFORMATION
STATEMENT, PLEASE CONTACT:

NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE
1 WEATHER LANE
GRAY ME 04039
PHONE...207-688-3216

$$

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